It is well-known that there is a significant pay gap that exists between men and women in the United States. This persists across states and across most industries. These statistics are present despite the Equal Pay Act (EPA) of 1963. The EPA is a federal law that makes it illegal for discrimination to be made in regard to wages on the basis of an employee's gender.
There are some barriers to showing that an employer is discriminating in payment based on gender. One of these barriers is the lack of transparency in regard to the salaries of co-workers. If you learn that a co-worker of another gender is being paid more for doing the exact same job as you, you may want to take action to have this injustice rectified.
How to prove a claim under the EPA
In order to bring about an EPA claim, you must be able to prove that a man and woman who are doing the same job, getting the same results and are working at the same place are receiving unequal pay.
There is likely to be a lot of ways that an employer can justify this inequity in pay. If they can show that the pay difference is for any reason other than gender, they are likely to be successful.
However, you may be able to prove your claim by looking at the wages of all employees in the company and showing that there is overall a large disparity in pay between men and women.
It is important that you take action if you believe that you are subject to gender-based wage discrimination.